GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE

The Gothic style, 1150-1500, originated in France and spread over the whole of western Europe. Gothic art and architecture were the spirit of piety, humility and asceticism, which was the fundamental teaching of the church during the Middle Ages. The style was to...

THE DELIGHTS OF DESIGN: 17th CENTURY ENGLAND

Cromwell was not a hero, but he is known for his religious fanaticism and his influence that changed England from industrial and artistic growth to stagnation. Charles I, the King and Cromwell’s adversary, was tried and executed in 1649. The English civil war...

NORMAN STYLE

Durham Castle, seen here with its crenelated top edge was fortification.The Normans, upon conquering England, fortifications came first, they provided shelter and protection. But churches were also built, small and grand. Medieval churches were often hurried affairs...

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